The tooth comprises of basically three different layers, namely:
- The outer layer known as the enamel
- The middle layer called the dentin and
- The inner core referred to as the pulp.
There is also the periodontal ligament which is an intertwine of delicate fibers from the tooth and bone.
The middle layer (dentin) is fragile and it is made up of tiny dentinal tubules; these tubules can reach lengths of 3 miles if stretched out and it is an ideal region for the growth of bacteria.
Studies have shown that thousands of anaerobic bacteria fester in this region and this bacteria grow and spread extending to the jawbone and creating cavitations which are regions of necrotic tissue right within the jawbone.
Bacteria Commonly Found In The Root Canals
The bacteria found in the mouth can be helpful and friendly, however when they permeate to the root canal they can become highly toxic due to a lack of oxygen and nutrients and this could lead to infection of the jawbone leading to a loss as well as other diseases.
It is believed that there are at least 53 known bacteria species found in the root canal of a tooth.
Here is a highlight of 5 major bacteria species found in the root canal of a tooth:
- Capnocytophaga ochracea
This specie of bacteria is also a cause of diseases of the central nervous system of a human being such as meningitis and septicemia. It is also found in brain abscesses linked with a dental or oral source of infection.
- Fusobacterium nucleatum
This bacteria specie can generate toxins which can halt fibroblast cell division and the rapid healing of cuts and wounds. It can also instigate infection to the joints, heart, spleen and liver.
- Gemella morbillorum
This bacteria specie is also associated with septic arthritis, meningitis and endocarditis.
- Leptotrichia buccalis
This bacteria specie will reduce the amount of neutrophils which is vital to white blood cell formation and function, as a result the body’s immune system will be compromised.
- Porphyromonas gingivalis
This bacteria will kill off red blood cells and it does so by boring holes known as porins in them and in effect this will lead to the death of the cells. This bacteria is known to alter friendly bacteria into pathogens.
They can also cause an inflammation and bleeding of the inner lining of blood vessels and this can lead to the formation of atherogenesis that lead to heart failure.
Serious Diseases That Can Be Linked To Root Canals
Dr. George Meinig who is one of the founders of the American Association of Endodontists and author of the “Root Canal Cover Up” suggests that a lot of chronic ailments can be linked to root canal infections.
He stated that the following chronic diseases can originate from root canals;
- Cardiovascular disease
- Nervous system and brain diseases such as MS and ALS.
Your oral health plays a very important role in your overall wellbeing, so you should give it top priority.