Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a vegetable of the Cucurbitaceae family. It is a very healthy vegetable, and especially useful for the kidneys. The first watermelons grew in the Kalahari Desert in Africa. That was thousands of years ago. The famous explorer David Livingstone found there watermelons in abundance in 1850 he. Then watermelon spread in the Mediterranean.Watermelon is one of the favorite dishes in the summer. It is perfect for refreshment in the hot summer days. The fruit of watermelon contains over 90% water, very little protein and 10% fruit sugar. From vitamins, it contains carotene, the whole group of B vitamins and vitamin C. Minerals included in watermelon: potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, zinc, iron and copper. It is a good source of beta carotene and lycopene.
Due to the high water content, watermelon perfectly extinguishes thirst. In diets, watermelon can be used fresh or in salads. It also has favorable effect on the work of the digestive system and promotes the excretion of fluids and toxins from the body. In 100g of watermelon there are only 30 calories.
The home of the watermelon is China because, today, China is the largest producer of watermelons.
Always know that watermelon is very helpful. It is a good source of useful nutrients. Scientists have found that watermelon contains large amounts of lycopene -- an antioxidant that helps the body in fight against cancer and protect it against various diseases.
Lycopene, which is found only in some fruits and vegetables, is very effective in the fight against free radicals that adversely affect the human health.
A study conducted at the “Harvard” shows that people whose diet is rich in tomatoes and their preparations containing lot if lycopene. The risk of some cancers, particularly prostate cancer is much lower if this is the diet you choose. Lycopene is found only in red watermelons and it gives the red color of watermelon. The redder the watermelon, the more lycopene it contains.
Tomatoes are rich in lycopene, an antioxidant that reduces the risk of heart disease and cancer risk ovaries, uterus, prostate. But one piece of juicy and sweet watermelon has twice as much lycopene (7.8 mg) than a tomato.
Foods high in antioxidants will help us in reducing free radicals and protect our skin from the effects of sun bathing. Free radicals are the main cause of sunburn, premature aging and skin cancer. For their removal, cream with a high protection factor is not enough but it is also necessary that you protect your skin from the inside. Watermelon contains numerous beneficial compounds, one of which is lycopene, a substance that protects the body from the damaging effects of free radicals which helps in the prevention of cancer and protects the skin from the sun’s UV rays.
Fruits and vegetables rich in lycopene helps prevent the harmful effects of sunbathing and renewing skin after exposure to radiation.
Many of us think that watermelon is a fruit. But there is a simple rule that says watermelon is a vegetable of the cucumber family.