Out of all types of cancer, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate. Doctors urge women to take care of their health and to regularly pay a visit to their gynecologist in order for the disease to be noticed on time.
The reasons for ovarian cancer are still unknown. Factors that may affect the occurrence of this disease are: age (older women in menopause are more at risk), family history (cancer in the family), reproductive function of women (women who have not gave birth or did later in life) environmental factors, hormone therapy etc.
Ovarian cancer is considered a “silent disease” because symptoms often occur when the disease is already advanced. The most common symptoms include cramping, abdominal swelling, flatulence, vomiting or sudden weight loss, pain in the pelvic area, frequent and sudden urination. Also, tumor of the ovary may indicate constant feeling of fatigue, pain during sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, unusual vaginal bleeding, constipation, diarrhea or vomiting.
This malignant disease is the deadliest because it is late revealed. The percentage of women who go to gynecology examinations is very small, and very often they go to the doctor too late, when the disease is already at an advanced stage. Ovarian cancer threatens all women and it cannot be detected by a Pap test, but the disease can be overcome if detected in time. This is why going to regular gynecological examinations is extremely important. Oral contraception is recommended as prevention.