The Moringa tree also known as “The Miracle tree” was originally from Northern India but this tree can now be found in countries in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America.
This tree has a lot of uses in medicine and has a very viable nutritional content.
The entire tree has varying nutritional benefits and is rich in vitamins, protein, phenolics and amino acids.
Moringa tree is also rich in the following compounds -- caffeoylquinic, kaempferol, zeatin, quercetin and sitosterol.
It also has M. oleifera which has very effective water purification ability.
This plant’s root, fruit, seed, bark, leaves, flowers and even its immature pods can help to boost blood circulation and help the body’s cardiovascular system.
The tree has antispasmodic, antitumor, antiepileptic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antiulcer, antipyretic, antihypertensive, antioxidant, cholesterol lowering, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antifungal and antibacterial properties.
It is very useful in the treatment of various health complications.
You can grow the Moringa tree quite easily as it can grow directly from a seed planted in the ground or from a cut out branch or stem.
The tree will grow rapidly even in soil that is poor and they will bloom in just eight months after planting.
You can plant and grow the Moringa tree in your own garden and here are some tips on how to plant this miracle tree.
Tip 1: Ensure that your Moringa seeds are obtained from a controlled and certified dealer.
There are different species of Moringa seeds, however, the preferred species you should get is the Moringa stenopetala or the Moringa oleifera.
The difference between these two species of Moringa seeds are;
Moringa Oleifera, your tree will grow fast. It will blossom and bear seed pods within 8 months.
Moringa Stenopetala, this will give you much larger leaves than the former.
Tip 2: Pick a great location for your tree.
When planting this tree you need to understand that your tree will attain a height of about 6.1 m in its first year.
You should also bear in mind that your tree will need space as well. Their branches can grow out to a length of about four feet. You should also ensure that the tree has access to warmth, sunlight and water for it to thrive.
Tip 3: Buy your tree the very best organic mineral rich potting soil.
Moringa trees prefer sunlight and sandy soil; they don’t enjoy getting their roots wet. So waterlogged soil is not for them.
That’s what makes the tree so special they can grow in poor sandy soil. So you should get a good sandy soil for your plant pot. Alternatively you can use the soil in your location provided it’s not a waterlogged type.
The roots of this tree is taproot which means that when growing it starts off with a single dominant root from which other roots will sprout from and grow downwards in the soil.
So it’s important to plant your tree in a location where its roots can burrow its way down the earth. If you want to initially plant you tree in a pot or container before transferring it to a field, then it is advisable to use a deep container or clay pot so that its taproot can grow well.
Tip 4: When planting your Moringa tree make an inch deep hole in the soil, put you seed in that hole and cover the hole with soil.
Document your tree planting exercise, note when you planted the seeds.
Once you have planted the seeds and covered the hole with soil, water the soil every day until the plant sprouts. Water in the morning before the sun is up and in the evenings when the sun is down.
Once your tee sprouts, you can water it once every other day until they are about 18 inches tall, then you should water them just once in seven days.
If you are growing the trees in an orchard then you should cut the tree in a year or two. This will stimulate leaf and pod growth and will also leave them within the reach of your hands for easy plucking.
While the tree can grow in just about anywhere, its preferred region is tropical and sub-tropical. It will not grow in regions with subzero temperatures.
Protect the tree from strong winds when they are just sprouting and if your region is semi-arid then you should water the tree everyday but make sure the soil is not waterlogged.
Obtain the nutrients of Moringa by adding it to your diet:
All the parts of this tree are edible.
Its buds, blossoms, flowers, pods, leaves and seeds can all be consumed.
You can eat its seeds and leaves raw, while its bud, blossoms and flowers have to be cooked.
You can add Moringa leaves to your favourite spreads or salads. You can add them to soups and use them to eat rice, chicken, beef, pork and lamb.
Always heat your leaves to benefit from its nutrients by adding them last in a main meal rather than from the beginning.