Eggs are an indispensable source of protein and contain vitamins and minerals. Available all year-round, they are easy to prepare and just as tasty and useful.
Egg -- Important For Your Health
The egg white is made up of about 85-90% water, 10-12% protein and less than 1% carbohydrates, fat and minerals. Fats are present in the white polyunsaturated and therefore not harmful. The egg white does not have cholesterol.
Half of the composition of yolk is water. One-third of it belongs to the fat and protein in it is 15-16%. The bile contains vitamins A, D and E. Unlike egg white, the yolk of the egg has cholesterol. About 2% of bile is cholesterol, but it is not as dangerous as once thought. The latest research shows that consumption of one egg per day from healthy adult does not increase the risk of heart disease.
Eggs are rich in choline. Choline has a strong role in the development of the brain and its functioning. It is especially important for pregnant women because it is required for development of the fetal brain. Two large eggs contain 252 milligrams of choline. That’s almost half of your daily needs.
Eggs are an important source of protein. Proteins are necessary for the creation and recovery of cells in the body. Proteins participate in the building of muscles, organs, skin and hair and are made out of antibodies and hormones. The composition of proteins includes 20 different amino acids. 9 of these essential amino acids cannot be produced in the body and must be imported through diet. Eggs are among the few foods that contain all nine amino acids. It is estimated that two medium-sized eggs supply the body with amino acids as much as 80-100g meat.
Yolk of the egg contains lutein and zeaxanthin. These two antioxidants from the group of carotenoids and can improve the health of your eyes and protect them from ultraviolet rays.
Eggs in the Diet
Eggs are the perfect food for a balanced and healthy diet. One egg contains about 70-80 calories, so you can smoothly be part of the food diet.
People who have weight problems can lose weight 2 times faster is they practice breakfast with eggs as a low-calorie diet (800 calories per day). This conclusion is the result of research in America that involved 152 men and women from 25 to 60 years.
A group of volunteers ate eggs for breakfast, and another group ate donuts (with the same number of calories as eggs). The experiment lasted for 8 weeks. The results showed that people in the group that combine low calorie diet breakfast that includes eggs, weakened by 65% more than the second group breakfast donuts.
So do not throw eggs from your diet when you are on a diet. Perhaps they will be exactly the reason for losing weight.
- The mother chicken turns her egg approximately 50 times a day, so yolk does not stick to the shell.
- The average chicken produces about 300 eggs per year. Starting at the age of 19 weeks, it remains productive throughout the year.
- As aging, chickens produce larger eggs.
- White shell eggs are produced by chickens whose lower fleshy part of the ear is white and have white feathers. Chickens that have red color on these two parts of the body lay their eggs in brown shell.
- The color of the egg is not associated in any way with the quality or taste. There is no difference in food-ingredients of eggs with different colored skin.
- The largest egg which appeared in the world had 5 yolks. Eggs with 2 yolks are very common. They are the result of very rapid ovulation and most production or very young chickens or chickens that are at the end of their productive period.
- China is the largest producer of eggs -- about 160 billion per year. In the U.S., 260 million chickens produce about 65 billion eggs per year.
- The egg shell on its surface may be around 17 000 pores. Through them, it can get a different smell. Therefore, in order to stay fresher eggs need to be stored in the cardboard.
- If you have two eggs, one of which is boiled and the other raw and want to know which is which -- Turn them. If the egg spins easily, it’s boiled egg. Raw egg will spin either very slowly or not at all.
- Whether an egg is fresh or not, you can find out if you carefully put into a bowl with lukewarm water. The fresh egg will immediately fail the bottom of the pot and stay there. Egg that float on the water, are probably corked. The fresh egg yolk is round and always emphasized over the egg’s white, and the white of his party spreads and stays close to the yolk.