The thyroid is basically a hormone that is responsible for regulating the body’s metabolism rate.
When you have an extremely low or an overactive thyroid activity then you will be prone to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism respectively.
It is estimated that on an average 1 out of 20 people are susceptible to one form of thyroid based illness in their life time.
It is widely believed that women are more likely to have thyroid sickness than men.
Comparing Hypothyroidism to Hyperthyroidism
As mentioned earlier you are prone to contracting these ailments when there is an imbalance in your thyroid activity.
When your thyroid hormone is excessive then you are likely to have hyperthyroidism and when it is deficient you have hypothyroidism.
How to know if you have any of these ailments
With hypothyroidism you will exhibit symptoms of tiredness, cramping, poor concentration, muscle pain, thinning of your hair and having excessive fluid in your tissues.
You may also show signs of sensitivity to cold temperatures. With hypothyroidism your thyroid hormone supply isn’t sufficient to meet your body’s needs.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland generates more hormones than usual. When you have this defect you are likely to exhibit the symptoms of nervousness, anxiety, diarrhea, trouble sleeping, sudden weight loss, irritation and an acceleration of your heart rate.
Goitre is a condition when your thyroid is overactive and it is accompanied by a large lump that will occur on your throat. It also means that you have a deficiency in iodine.
What can trigger your thyroid problems?
- Buildup of toxins
- Chronic anxiety and stress
- Iodine deficiency
- Buildup in metal
An excess production of thyroid hormones would lead to conditions which include; toxic adenomas, subacute thyroiditis or Graves’ disease and are linked with hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism can be triggered by thyroid removal, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and even an exposure to high amounts of lithium or iodide which reduces thyroid production.
How to prevent or cure thyroid problems
- Engage in regular exercises
You will regulate your thyroid hormone secretion levels when you exercise regularly. So don’t be a couch potato.
2. Try heat therapy
You will get rid of toxins that cause thyroid problems when you try out a heat session or spend some time in a sauna.
3. Have a balanced diet
Eat a balanced diet, one that is rich in selenium, omega-3 fats, zinc and iodine. Try eating less refined sugar and processed foods.
4. Prevent the main reasons behind thyroid illness
Try as much as possible to avoid triggers of this illness such as stress, food allergies and nutritional deficiency. You should also stay clear of foods that can lead to digestive problems such as, dairy products and gluten.
5. Manage your stress
Persistent stress is detrimental to the health of your adrenal gland and which will lead to thyroid related concerns. You can try meditation, yoga, walks and breathing exercises to help you manage your stress better.
6. Your thyroid hormones
Your doctor can also advise you on thyroid hormone replacement therapy as an effective option.
7. Use nutritional supplements
You can take care of nutrient deficiency with supplements; ensure that you take those ones that help with your thyroid metabolism. You can consult your doctor in such a situation so you can get the supplements that are just right for you.